Understanding the Basics of Real Estate Law in Vermont

Welcome to Mountain View Law’s blog, where we provide valuable information on real estate law in the beautiful state of Vermont. As a Vermont real estate lawyers we are passionate about helping clients navigate the complexities of property transactions in this unique region. In this blog post, we will explore the fundamentals of real estate law in Vermont, shedding light on key aspects that buyers, sellers, and investors should be aware of.

Property Ownership and Transfer In Vermont

Property ownership is typically represented by a deed. The most common form of deed is the warranty deed, which guarantees that the seller has clear title to the property and can transfer it to the buyer without any undisclosed encumbrances. The process of transferring ownership involves the execution and recording of the deed at the appropriate county clerk’s office. Buyers should conduct thorough due diligence to ensure the property’s title is free from liens, mortgages, or other claims that could affect their rights.

Closing and Escrow

The closing process in Vermont involves several essential steps. It usually takes place in the presence of a real estate attorney or a title company representative. During the closing, the buyer and seller review and sign various legal documents, including the deed, mortgage, and other necessary paperwork. Additionally, funds are transferred from the buyer to the seller, typically through an escrow account. An escrow account acts as a neutral third party, holding funds until all conditions of the sale are met. Closing costs, which encompass fees such as title searches, inspections, and legal services, are typically divided between the parties.

Zoning and Land Use Regulations

Vermont has zoning and land use regulations that govern how properties can be developed and utilized. These regulations aim to maintain the natural beauty and preserve the character of the state. It is crucial for property owners and investors to understand the zoning laws specific to their area to ensure compliance when making changes or building on their land. Local zoning boards play a significant role in reviewing proposed projects and granting permits. Consulting with a knowledgeable real estate attorney can provide guidance on navigating these regulations.

Vermont’s Real Estate Disclosure Laws

In Vermont sellers have certain obligations to disclose information about a property’s condition. The Vermont Residential Property Disclosure Act requires sellers to provide a written disclosure statement to potential buyers, detailing any known material defects or environmental hazards that could impact the property’s value or safety. This information helps buyers make informed decisions and protects them from unexpected issues after the sale. Buyers should carefully review these disclosures and consider conducting independent inspections to verify the property’s condition.

Real Estate Disputes and Resolutions

Unfortunately, real estate disputes can arise, even with the most diligent parties. Common conflicts may involve boundary disputes, title issues, or breach of contract. Resolving such disputes often requires negotiation, mediation, or, if necessary, litigation. Engaging the services of an experienced real estate attorney can help parties navigate these challenges, protect their rights, and pursue appropriate remedies. Seeking legal advice at the early stages of a disagreement can help mitigate potential damages and expenses.


Real estate transactions in Vermont can be intricate, but understanding the basics of real estate law is crucial to ensure a smooth and successful process. Whether you are a buyer, seller, or investor, having a knowledgeable real estate attorney by your side can provide invaluable guidance and protect your interests. If you require assistance with any real estate matter, please don’t hesitate to reach out to our team at Mountain View Law at info@mountainviewlawvt.com or call us at (802) 775-6811.

The Real Estate Transaction Process: Five Easy Steps

Welcome to the Mountain View Law blog! In this post, we will walk you through the real estate transaction process in five simple steps. Understanding the overall process can help buyers, sellers, and investors navigate the intricacies of real estate transactions with confidence. Whether you’re a first-time buyer or an experienced investor, this guide will provide you with a clear roadmap for a successful real estate transaction.

Step 1: Preparation and Planning

The first step in any real estate transaction is preparation and planning. This involves determining your budget, identifying your needs and preferences, and securing financing if necessary. Sellers should also prepare their property for sale by addressing any necessary repairs or improvements, obtaining necessary documents, and setting a competitive price. This stage is crucial for setting realistic expectations and ensuring a smooth transaction process.

Step 2: Finding and Evaluating Properties

Once you’re prepared, it’s time to search for suitable properties. Work with a real estate agent or conduct independent research to find properties that meet your criteria. Schedule viewings, assess the condition and location of the properties, and evaluate their potential for your needs. Perform due diligence, including inspections, title searches, and gathering relevant information about the property and its history. This step helps you make informed decisions and narrow down your options.

Step 3: Making an Offer and Negotiating

After finding your desired property, it’s time to make an offer. Work with your real estate agent or attorney to draft a written offer that includes essential terms and conditions, such as purchase price, financing contingencies, and closing timeline. Submit the offer to the seller, who can accept, reject, or negotiate the terms. Negotiations may involve counteroffers and compromises until both parties reach a mutually acceptable agreement. This step requires effective communication and negotiation skills to secure a favorable outcome.

Step 4: Completing Due Diligence and Closing Preparation

Once your offer is accepted, it’s time to move forward with the transaction. This stage involves conducting further due diligence, such as obtaining financing, finalizing inspections, reviewing contracts, and addressing any contingencies. Work with your real estate attorney to ensure all necessary documentation is in order and prepare for the closing process. This step helps identify and resolve any potential issues before proceeding to the final step.

Step 5: Closing the Transaction

The closing is the final step of the real estate transaction process. It involves the formal transfer of ownership from the seller to the buyer. At the closing, both parties and their representatives come together to sign the necessary documents, exchange funds, and complete the transaction. This typically includes signing the deed, mortgage documents, and other closing statements. Upon completion, the buyer receives the keys, and the seller receives the proceeds from the sale. Congratulations, you’ve successfully completed a real estate transaction!


Navigating a real estate transaction can be simplified by breaking it down into five easy steps. By preparing and planning, finding and evaluating properties, making offers and negotiating, completing due diligence, and closing the transaction, you can confidently navigate the process. Remember, having the support of experienced professionals, such as real estate agents and attorneys, can greatly enhance your understanding and success throughout each step. If you have any questions or require professional assistance, feel free to reach out to Mountain View Law, PLLC at info@mountainviewlawvt.com or call 802-775-6811. Happy real estate transactions!

Marylou Scofield PC is now Mountain View Law, PLLC

We are happy to announce that Marylou Scofield PC is now Mountain View Law, PLLC. Marylou Scofield, a staple of the Killington area real estate legal community, is transitioning into retirement and in her place come Justin Schoville and Kevin Gustafson, co-members of Mountain View Law, PLLC.

Mountain View Law, PLLC is a boutique law firm focusing primarily on real estate, estate planning, business administration, family law, criminal law, and general civil litigation. While the core of our business is still serving the real estate needs of the greater central Vermont area, we aim to provide additional legal services as well.

Marylou will be staying on for a few months during the transition period while Kevin and Justin get settled in. But fear not, you can expect the same level of professional quality legal representation from Mountain View Law as you could from Marylou.

We are extremely excited about this new venture and want to deeply thank Marylou for her trust in us, her incredible guidance, and for being wonderful to work with before, during, and no doubt after, the transition is complete.

Call us today at 802-775-6811 to discuss your legal needs.

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