Understanding the Basics of Real Estate Law in Vermont

Welcome to Mountain View Law’s blog, where we provide valuable information on real estate law in the beautiful state of Vermont. As a Vermont real estate lawyers we are passionate about helping clients navigate the complexities of property transactions in this unique region. In this blog post, we will explore the fundamentals of real estate law in Vermont, shedding light on key aspects that buyers, sellers, and investors should be aware of.

Property Ownership and Transfer In Vermont

Property ownership is typically represented by a deed. The most common form of deed is the warranty deed, which guarantees that the seller has clear title to the property and can transfer it to the buyer without any undisclosed encumbrances. The process of transferring ownership involves the execution and recording of the deed at the appropriate county clerk’s office. Buyers should conduct thorough due diligence to ensure the property’s title is free from liens, mortgages, or other claims that could affect their rights.

Closing and Escrow

The closing process in Vermont involves several essential steps. It usually takes place in the presence of a real estate attorney or a title company representative. During the closing, the buyer and seller review and sign various legal documents, including the deed, mortgage, and other necessary paperwork. Additionally, funds are transferred from the buyer to the seller, typically through an escrow account. An escrow account acts as a neutral third party, holding funds until all conditions of the sale are met. Closing costs, which encompass fees such as title searches, inspections, and legal services, are typically divided between the parties.

Zoning and Land Use Regulations

Vermont has zoning and land use regulations that govern how properties can be developed and utilized. These regulations aim to maintain the natural beauty and preserve the character of the state. It is crucial for property owners and investors to understand the zoning laws specific to their area to ensure compliance when making changes or building on their land. Local zoning boards play a significant role in reviewing proposed projects and granting permits. Consulting with a knowledgeable real estate attorney can provide guidance on navigating these regulations.

Vermont’s Real Estate Disclosure Laws

In Vermont sellers have certain obligations to disclose information about a property’s condition. The Vermont Residential Property Disclosure Act requires sellers to provide a written disclosure statement to potential buyers, detailing any known material defects or environmental hazards that could impact the property’s value or safety. This information helps buyers make informed decisions and protects them from unexpected issues after the sale. Buyers should carefully review these disclosures and consider conducting independent inspections to verify the property’s condition.

Real Estate Disputes and Resolutions

Unfortunately, real estate disputes can arise, even with the most diligent parties. Common conflicts may involve boundary disputes, title issues, or breach of contract. Resolving such disputes often requires negotiation, mediation, or, if necessary, litigation. Engaging the services of an experienced real estate attorney can help parties navigate these challenges, protect their rights, and pursue appropriate remedies. Seeking legal advice at the early stages of a disagreement can help mitigate potential damages and expenses.


Real estate transactions in Vermont can be intricate, but understanding the basics of real estate law is crucial to ensure a smooth and successful process. Whether you are a buyer, seller, or investor, having a knowledgeable real estate attorney by your side can provide invaluable guidance and protect your interests. If you require assistance with any real estate matter, please don’t hesitate to reach out to our team at Mountain View Law at info@mountainviewlawvt.com or call us at (802) 775-6811.

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